Fondue is a community dish that has both Swiss and French origins. It is traditionally a dish of melted cheese, which is served in a caquelon, or a communal pot. The caquelon is placed over a rechaud, or a spirit lamp, which keeps the cheese melted and warm.
Bread is dipped into the melted cheese using forks with long stems. Other food items that can be dipped into the fondue include vegetables and mushrooms.
In the 1930s, the fondue was named as a national dish of the Swiss by the Swiss Cheese Union.
Röschti is a dish popular in Switzerland. It is made mostly of potatoes.
Originally a breakfast for farmers in Bern, it is now served and eaten in many restaurants, not just in Switzerland, but in the whole Western world.
Although the Bern farmers may have considered röschti a full meal, it is seldom treated so today. Rather, it is usually served as an accompaniment to other dishes.
The main ingredient of röschti is roughly grated potatoes, which are then shaped into patties. Cooking is most often done by pan frying, though it is not uncommon to have röschti baked in an oven either.
Basic röschti has nothing but potatoes, but sometimes, additional ingredients such as onions, bacon, apples, cheese, or herbs are added.
Muesli is a famous breakfast cereal that originated in Switzerland. It was created by Maximilian Bircher-Benner, a Swiss physician, who made this dish for his patients.
A diet that was rich in vegetables and fruits was essential to the recovery of the patients, so Bircher-Benner thought of creating such a dish.
This dish is based on uncooked rolled oats that are combined with a collection of different nuts and fruits.
Muesli can be purchased in dry form, sealed inside a package, or in fresh form, scooped up and ready to eat. All you need to do is add milk – sometimes, people opt instead to add coffee, yogurt, fruit juice, hot chocolate, or even just water.
In Switzerland, aside from being a breakfast staple, muesli is also sometimes eaten as a light evening snack.
Bundner nusstorte, a pastry also known as the Engadiner nusstorte, is a traditional snack made of sweet, caramelized nuts. It originated from Graubünden.
The pastry is traditionally made with a classic short crust pastry, which is composed of the following ingredients: flour, egg, sugar, butter, and salt. The filling of the Bundner nusstorte is made from a mixture of caramelized sugar, heavy cream or milk, and coarsely chopped nuts – usually walnuts. Sometimes, honey or milk is added to the pastry.
Bundner Nusstorte is usually eaten for dessert, accompanied by tea or coffee.
Swiss cheese is famous all over the world for its unique taste.
There are, in fact, around 450 kinds of cheese made in Switzerland. Ninety-nine percent of all these cheeses are made with cow’s milk, while the rest use either goat milk or sheep milk.
The different kinds of cheese are classified according to their toughness: extra-hard, hard, semi-hard, semi-soft, and soft.
A visit to Switzerland isn’t complete without tasting authentic Swiss cheese. Cheese shops all over the country will give you your fill of this classic delicacy.