Iceland has a temperate climate. It experiences a mild and windy winter season, while the weather during summer is cool. The weather condition in the country is brought about by its distinctive geological position.
During winter, snowfall is common in the island’s northern region. In general, the south coast of the country is warmer, more windy and wetter than the places that are situated on the north coast.
The country experiences distinct weather phenomena. The changes in the seasons also bring variations in the length of day and night. There is even a period during midwinter when there is no sunlight.
These dark days and nights are known as the Polar Nights, a unique Scandinavian phenomenon. This provides ideal conditions for viewing the well-known weather occurrence known as the Aurora Borealis.
The country’s highest recorded air temperature was 30.5 °C (86.9 °F), on its southeastern coast in 1939. The lowest recorded temperature, –38 °C (–36.4 °F), was experienced in 1918 at Grímsstaðir, which is situated in the northeast.
Daylight prevails in the country all throughout midsummer, so there is no darkness at night in the months of June and July. This phenomenon is known as the Midnight Sun.
When traveling to Iceland, it is recommended that you go during its warmest months, such as June, July and August. Most summer activities end during the middle of September and will only resume in May of the following year.
You may want to note, though, that during the colder months of February and March, the air fares to the country and the hotel rates are relatively lower than in other months.