The official name of this Eurasian country is the Republic of Turkey. Ninety-seven percent of the place is situated in Asia and 3% in East Thrace in Europe. There are eight countries that line its border, namely Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria.

The sole official language in the country is Turkish, with about 70–75% of its population speaking the language. About 18% of the population, on the other hand, speaks the Kurdish language. English is not very widely spoken, so you might want to bring a Turkish-English dictionary with you.

The most common religion in the country is Islam, with about 90% of its population registered as Muslim. Thus, there are a lot of mosques all throughout the country, most of which are counted among the favorite tourist spots in Turkey.

The country, though, is a secular state and has no official religion. The rest of the population follows other religious faiths, including Christianity and Judaism.

Natives of Turkey are referred to as Turks. They are known for two important values, namely hospitality and close family relations.

Most Turks are gracious and generous hosts, and understand the different customs followed by the foreigners that visit their place. They believe that their guests are God’s guests, so they feel that guests need to be welcomed in the best possible way.

The head of the Turkish government is the prime minister, while its president is considered as the head of state. Its political system is based on the separation of powers, wherein the judiciary branch of government is independent from the executive and legislature.

If you are bringing in electric devices, do know that the electricity in the country runs on 230 V (50 Hz). Most of the electrical outlets in Turkey are of the two round pin-type, so you may want to bring along a plug adapter to avoid any inconvenience.