Burma, also known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a country in Southeast Asia. It has a population of almost 55 million and is bordered by five countries, namely, Bangladesh, India, Laos, China, and Thailand.
This country, which is known for having over 4,000 stupas, pagodas, and temples, is the second-largest country in Southeast Asia and the 40th largest in the world in terms of total area.
From 1962 to 2011, Burma has been under military rule and has one of the longest-running civil wars in history, resulting in the country’s being one of the least developed countries in the world. (A ceasefire agreement between the government and the Karen National Union in 2012 ended the war.) Nonetheless, the country is rich in natural resources, making it a beautiful place to see.
A majority of Burma’s population, around 89%, are Buddhists. Muslims make up 4%, Christians 4%, and animists 1%. Ethnicity-wise, approximately 68% of the country’s population is Burmese; the rest are of Chinese or Indian descent and other ethnic groups.
Until now, there are still a lot of issues surrounding the name of the country. The United Nations recognizes the name Myanmar, but countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Canada prefer to use the name Burma.
The government of Burma is a unitary presidential republic with a civilian regime made up of former senior military officers. The constitution they use at present is a revised version of their 2008 constitution.
There are 32 million ethnic Burmese speakers in the country. English is widely spoken in a lot of areas, especially in tourist spots. The large populations of Chinese and Indian residents use their own languages, such as Urdu, Hindi, Tamil, Mandarin, and Cantonese.
Electrical sockets in Burma hold 230 volts. If your gadgets are not suited for this voltage, you will need a converter. As for the plugs and pins, the outlets in Burma accept plug types C, D, F, and G. Remember to bring an adapter if your appliances do not match the required plugs.
Before visiting Burma, make sure to check travel advisories to ensure that your trip will be a safe one.