Taiwan is one of Asia’s most underrated tourist destinations. It’s a tiny country that does not get too much attention, but what most people don’t know is that this island is a treasure trove of historical, natural, and cultural attractions.

When the first Portuguese sailors set foot on the then unknown island of Taiwan, the land immediately took their breath away, prompting them to name the place Ilha Formosa, which translates to “beautiful island.” Although it didn’t have its towering skyscrapers and modern infrastructures then, Taiwan – with its lush green mountainous beauty – had the power to mesmerize the Portuguese sailors.

Today, this tiny country is a melting pot of different cultures. It’s no wonder, considering that Taiwan is one of the most populated countries in the world.

Taiwan is home to almost 23 million people, all living in a total land mass of 38,980 square kilometers. Asian religions dominate the country, with Buddhists, Confucians, and Taoists making up 93% of the population. The remaining members of the populace practice Christianity (4.5%) and other religions (2.5%).

Taiwan is separated into four parts, namely Northern, Central, Eastern, and Southern Taiwan. There are also other outlying islands off the coast – Green Island, Kinmen, Matsu, Orchid Island, and Penghu – which are popular getaway spots for people who want to escape from the urban jungle.

This potato-shaped country is not usually on top of a traveller’s list of favourite destinations, mainly because the country is developed more as a techno hub and IT centre rather than a tourist destination.

If you will be bringing gadgets into Taiwan, be aware that the sockets or electrical outlets are type A or B plugs and  release 110–120 volts of energy.