Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a highly underrated nation whose potential as a major tourist destination is yet to be completely fulfilled. However, this African gem boasts of a culture that is one of the most distinct and compact in its region in the world’s second largest continent.

Formerly known as Abyssinia, Ethiopia is the only African nation that hasn’t been colonized. Ethiopia remained independent throughout its history, except for a brief five-year Italian military occupation which they successfully trounced. In effect, Ethiopian culture is considered to be untainted, maintaining only minimal foreign or non-African influences in its ethos.

Ethiopia lies at the Horn of Africa and features many natural attractions. Some of the highest African peaks are found here, making Ethiopia a home of beautiful mountain ridges, lush forests, majestic caves, volcanic hot springs, and breathtaking waterfalls.

Ethiopia’s diverse population is predominated by the Oromo, Amhara, Tigray and Somali ethnicities which comprise approximately 75% of the populace. Apart from these, around 80 other ethnicities make up the minority.

Ethiopia is the second nation to officially be established as a Christian country, coming next to Armenia. Christianity is the predominant religious practice in the country with approximately 63% of the population as practitioners as of 2007. Muslims come next with almost 34%, while the rest of the population is comprised of believers of other religions and aboriginal faiths.
English and Amharic are the two most widely spoken languages in the country, along with almost 50 other native tongues. Ge’ez is the unique Ethiopian local alphabet.

Electricity is supplied in the country in 220 V at 50 Hertz per second. When traveling in Ethiopia, it is good practice to bring along a voltage converter as well as adapters for triangular three and two pins plug types.